Causes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is the most pervasive, and various conditions can contribute to its presence. For instance, weight can influence this illness. Those who are overweight or are considered to be obese are at risk of suffering from sleep apnea due to increased fatty tissue surrounding the neck and throat. These excessive fat deposits place more weight on these areas, causing the airway to be obstructed.
Another risk factor is age. Sleep apnea can surface at any age although adults are more susceptible to sleep apnea due to the weakening of muscles that takes place over time. As time progresses, these muscles become less defined and pose a higher risk of causing airflow obstruction while resting. Men, especially those over their 40’s
are at a higher risk of suffering from this disorder
Smoking & Persistent Use of Alcohol
Alcohol tends to create a sense of calm while simultaneously relaxing muscles
. Doctors warn against frequent use of alcohol due to the high dependency on the sedative effects it provides. However, its ability to relax muscles such as those in the throat can be a contributing cause to sleep apnea.
Smoking is also a cause of this condition. Fluid retention, stemming from irritated and inflamed gums, can have an impact on how air flows through the mouth, throat, nose, and other elements of the upper airway.
Genetic Predisposition & Physiological Factors
Physiological factors such as an enlarged tongue, tonsils, or a slenderer, throat can lead to sleep apnea. Deformities in the nose or other areas of the upper airway can also have an impact. Additionally, a genetic predisposition to sleep apnea, such as it being common in the family, can also be a factor.